Paris: Nearly heads of 150 states and more than 40,000 attendees have assembled in French Capital today (Nov, 30th) amidst unprecedented security to launch two-week-long United Nations conference on Climate change. The world leaders are under immense urgency and pressure to achieve a decisive historic pact to curb emissions. 25,000 authoritative delegates are working and hoping to achieve a legitimate accord for every nation to cut its carbon emissions from the year 2020 (when ongoing Kyoto Protocol commitments run out).
In the keynote address, Prince of Wales pushed the leaders and negotiators to “think of your grandchildren as I think of mine”. He said “Rarely in human history have so many people around the world placed their trust in so few”. He further added, “Your deliberations over the next two weeks will decide the fate not only of those alive today but also of generations yet unborn”. The aggregation of this many state heads is expressed as a clear signal to the delegates that they must bring about a momentous accord.
Francois Hollande, the French president articulated that the world leaders were aggregating in Paris “to reaffirm their solidarity with France” and to “assume their responsibilities in the face of warming of the planet”.
The Copenhagen conference five years ago failed to secure signing up to a universal target for reducing emissions, but this time around the prospects are bright as in advance of the Paris conference 183 countries have approved individual assurances to work on reducing global warming. By 2030, the EU has vowed to reduce greenhouse gases by 40% while China has assured its emissions will peak by that time. Such “differentiated responsibilities” bestow the nations to contribute for the overall goal of limiting emissions by 40-70% by 2050 and 100% by 2100, according to UN. Christiana Figueres, the lead negotiator for the UN expressed that the pledges covered 95% of emissions and would check the increase in earthly temperature this century. She announced that “we no longer are destined for 4,5 or 6 degrees, we are now in the bandwidth of 2.7 to 3.5 degrees. Is that enough? No, because we have to stay under two degrees.”
There are still broad concerns to be worked out like EU wants any climate deal to be legally enforceable, but this is turned down by the US. Also the weak and prone to climate change, the poor countries want richer countries to pay them a fund to help them adapt to a warmer world. Mr David Cameroon expressed: “We must include a five-yearly review mechanism to increase ambition in the future. Whilst emissions reductions should always be pledged country by country, we must review our ambition regularly if we are to hit our final two-degree goal.”