United Nations: In consonance with latest UN survey on international migrant trends, with 16 million people from India living outside their country in 2015, India’s diaspora population emerged as the largest in the world. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) in its survey said the statistics of international migrants – i.e persons living in a country other than where they were born – reached 244 million in 2015 for the whole world, it is a 41 percent increase when compared to 2000. The 2015 Revision, about two thirds of global migrants live in Europe (76 million) or Asia (75 million), in keeping with the Trends in International Migrant Stock.
Wu Hongbo, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs stated that “The rise in the number of international migrants depicts the increasing importance of international migration, which has become an integral part of our economies and societies.” Wu Hongbo further added “Well-managed migration brings important benefits to countries of origin and destination, as well as to migrants and their families.”
Largest Indian diaspora in the world is followed by that of Mexico and Russia. Survey further added that in 2015, 16 million people from India were living outside India which amounts to a huge growth from 6.7 million in 1990. Mexico’s second biggest diaspora population is at 12 million. Other nations with large diasporas encompass Russia, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Ukraine. The survey stated that of the twenty nations with the biggest number of international migrants living abroad, 11 were in Asia, 6 in Europe, and one each in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Northern America. This number comprised of about 20 million refugees. The survey then stated that in 2015, two thirds of all global migrants were living in only 20 nations, starting with the United States, with the migrant congregation of 19 per cent (46.6 million), followed by Germany, Russia, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates. India was placed at 12th spot out of these 20 countries, hosting 5.2 million migrants in 2015, a decrease from 7.5 million in 1990.
The UN numbers indicate that the figures of international migrants have augmented faster than the world’s population. Due to this the share of migrants in the universal population reached 3.3 per cent in 2015, up from 2.8 per cent in 2000. This survey also declared that two out of three global emigrants in 2015 lived in Europe or Asia, also adding that nearly half of all global emigrants world over were born in Asia. Region wise Northern America caters to the third largest number of global emigrants, followed by Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Oceania. Between 2000 and 2015, Asia supplemented more global emigrants (26 million additional migrants) than any other major region.
Last September the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, endorsed by the world leaders at the United Nations, gives prominence to the multidimensional reality of migration.
The Agenda draws attention to the nations to enforce planned and well-managed emigration policies, uproot human trafficking, respect the labour rights of emigrant worker force and curtail the transaction costs of emigrant remittances. This Agenda also underlines the susceptibility of emigrants, refugees and IDPs and stresses that unwilling banishment and related humanitarian crises scare to counter much of the advancement & progress made in recent decades. Jan Eliasson, UN Deputy Secretary-General stated migrants need to be protected “We need to take greater responsibility for protecting the lives of many thousands of migrants – men, women and children – who are compelled to undertake dangerous and sometimes fatal journeys.” “Those forced to flee should never be denied safe haven or rescue. Migrants, as all people, deserve protection and empathy,” Eliasson further stated.